On the morning of September 18th, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, State President, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, hosted a symposium on ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin in Zhengzhou and delivered an important speech.
Xinhua News Agency, Zhengzhou, September 19th. Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, State President and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, hosted a seminar on ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin in Zhengzhou on the morning of the 18th and delivered an important speech. He emphasized that we must adhere to the concept that green water and green mountains are the golden mountains and silver mountains, adhere to the principle of ecological priority, green development, water-dependent, and water-based measures, adapt to local conditions, classify policies, and plan upstream, downstream, main tributaries, and the left and right banks. Great protection, coordinated promotion of great governance, focus on strengthening ecological protection and governance, ensuring long-term stability of the Yellow River, promoting high-quality development of the entire river basin, improving people's lives, protecting and carrying forward the Yellow River culture, and making the Yellow River a happy river for the benefit of the people.
Han Zheng, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and vice premier of the State Council, attended the symposium and delivered a speech.
At the symposium, Wang Jianjun, Secretary of the Qinghai Provincial Party Committee, Hu Heping, Secretary of the Shaanxi Provincial Party Committee, Wang Guosheng, Secretary of the Henan Provincial Party Committee, Lu Hao, Minister of Natural Resources, Li Ganjie, Minister of Ecology and Environment, E Jingping, Minister of Water Resources, and Li Lifeng, Chairman of the National Development and Reform Commission Speeches were made by Luo Huining, Secretary of the Shanxi Provincial Party Committee, Li Jiheng, Secretary of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Party Committee, Liu Jiayi, Secretary of the Shandong Provincial Party Committee, Peng Qinghua, Secretary of the Sichuan Provincial Party Committee, Lin Duo, Secretary of the Gansu Provincial Party Committee, and Shi Taifeng, Secretary of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Party Committee. In terms of water and soil conservation, pollution prevention and other aspects, they discussed their cognitions and opinions, and put forward opinions and suggestions based on the actual situation.
After listening to everyone's speech, Xi Jinping delivered an important speech. He emphasized that the Yellow River Basin is an important ecological barrier and an important economic zone in China, an important area to win the tough war against poverty, and plays a very important role in China's economic and social development and ecological security . Protecting the Yellow River is a grand plan for the great rejuvenation and sustainable development of the Chinese nation. Ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin are major national strategies, as are the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei, the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta. Strengthen the Yellow River governance and protection, promote the high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin, actively support the provinces and regions in the river basin to win the battle against poverty, and solve the flood control safety, drinking water safety, and ecological safety issues that the people, especially the ethnic minority people, are concerned about. Promoting national unity is of great significance.
Xi Jinping pointed out, "Yellow River Ning, Tian Ping." Since ancient times, the Chinese nation has been fighting the flood and drought disasters of the Yellow River. After the founding of New China, the party and the state attached great importance to the governance and development of the Yellow River. Under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee, large-scale Yellow River governance and protection work was carried out along the Huang Junmin and Yellow River builders, and achieved world-renowned achievements. Significant results have been achieved in water and sediment management, a flood prevention and mitigation system has been basically established, the river's shrinking situation has been initially contained, and excessive water growth in the river basin has been effectively controlled, which has strongly supported sustainable economic and social development. The ecological environment has continued to improve significantly, and the comprehensive prevention and control of soil and water loss has achieved remarkable results. The implementation of major ecological protection and restoration projects such as Sanjiangyuan has been accelerated. The upstream water conservation capacity has been steadily improved, and the water storage and soil conservation capacity in the middle loess plateau has been significantly enhanced. The "miracle of desertification" has significantly increased biodiversity. The level of development has been continuously improved, the construction of urban centers such as central cities and the Central Plains has accelerated, the status of important agricultural and animal husbandry production bases and energy bases in the country has been further consolidated, new economic growth points have continuously emerged, and the relocation projects for beach residents have been accelerated, and the lives of ordinary people Significant improvement. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the CPC Central Committee has focused on the overall construction of ecological civilization, and has clarified the water management ideas of “priority of water conservation, space balance, system governance, and two-handed efforts.” The economic and social development of the Yellow River Basin and the lives of ordinary people have undergone a lot. Variety. At the same time, we must clearly see that there are still some outstanding difficulties and problems in the Yellow River Basin, the ecological environment of the basin is fragile, the situation of water resources security is severe, and the quality of development needs to be improved. These problems appear in the Yellow River and roots in the watershed.
On the morning of September 18th, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, State President, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, hosted a symposium on ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin in Zhengzhou and delivered an important speech. Before this symposium, Xi Jinping walked along the bank of the Yellow River in Zhengzhou Yellow River National Geological Park on the afternoon of the 17th to observe the surrounding environment and learn about the ecological protection, water resources utilization, levee construction and flood control situation along the Yellow River. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xie Huanchi
Xi Jinping emphasized that the management of the Yellow River is focused on protection and governance. It is necessary to adhere to the comprehensive management, system management, and source management of mountains, rivers, forests, lakes, and grasslands, coordinate and advance various tasks, strengthen coordination and cooperation, and promote high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin.
First, strengthen ecological environmental protection. The Yellow River ecosystem is an organic whole, and the differences between the upper, middle, and lower reaches must be fully considered. Upstream should focus on Sanjiangyuan, Qilian Mountains, and upper water conservation areas of the Yellow River in Gannan, and promote the implementation of a number of major ecological protection restoration and construction projects to improve water conservation capacity. In the middle reaches, we must focus on soil and water conservation and pollution control. Where conditions permit, we must vigorously build dry-field terraces, silt dams, and so on. In some places, we must focus on natural restoration to reduce human interference. Vigorously promote governance. The Yellow River Delta in the lower reaches should be well protected to promote the health of river ecosystems and increase biodiversity.
Second, ensure the long-term security of the Yellow River. The Yellow River has less water and more sand, and the relationship between water and sediment is not coordinated, which is the crux of the Yellow River's complex and difficult to treat. Although the Yellow River hasn't had a big problem for many years, we can't relax our vigilance in the slightest. It is necessary to firmly grasp the "bull nose" of water and sediment relationship regulation, improve the water and sediment regulation mechanism, solve the problem of water management and separate management in Kowloon, implement comprehensive improvement and improvement of river and beach areas, slow down the sedimentation of the lower Yellow River, and ensure the safety of the Yellow River.
Third, promote the intensive use of water resources. There is so much water resources in the Yellow River. Water is needed for ecological construction, and water cannot be developed for economic development or living. We cannot treat water as an unlimited supply. We must persist in setting the city by water, land by water, people by water, and production by water. We must take water resources as the greatest rigid constraint, rationally plan population, urban, and industrial development, resolutely curb unreasonable demand for water, and vigorously develop festivals. Aquatic industry and technology, vigorously promote water conservation in agriculture, implement water conservation actions for the whole society, and promote the transformation of water use from extensive to economical and intensive.
Fourth, promote high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin. It is necessary to proceed from reality: if water is good, then mountains are good, food is good, agriculture is good, agriculture is good, business is good, business is good, and new ways of high-quality development with regional characteristics are actively explored. The areas with important ecological functions, such as Sanjiangyuan and Qilian Mountains, mainly protect the ecology, conserve water, and create more ecological products. Hetao Irrigation District, Fenwei Plain and other major grain production areas should develop modern agriculture and raise the quality of agricultural products. Regional central cities and other areas with good economic development conditions should be intensively developed to improve the economic and population carrying capacity. Poor areas should improve the level of infrastructure and public services, and make every effort to protect and improve people's livelihood. It is necessary to actively participate in the joint construction of the “Belt and Road”, improve the level of opening up, and promote reform and development with opening up.
Fifth, protect, inherit and promote the Yellow River culture. The Yellow River culture is an important part of Chinese civilization and the root and soul of the Chinese nation. It is necessary to promote the systematic protection of the Yellow River cultural heritage, deeply explore the value of the times contained in the Yellow River culture, tell the "Yellow River Story", continue the historical context, strengthen cultural self-confidence, and consolidate spiritual strength for the realization of the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
Xi Jinping pointed out that it is necessary to strengthen leadership in ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin, give play to the superiority of our country ’s socialist system to focus on major issues, firmly establish the "one game of chess" ideology, respect the laws, and pay more attention to the systematic and integrated nature of protection and governance. In order to promote the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin, we must step up the development of top-level design, strengthen research on major issues, and innovate institutional mechanisms.
On the morning of September 18th, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, State President, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, hosted a symposium on ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin in Zhengzhou and delivered an important speech. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xie Huanchi
Xi Jinping emphasized that promoting ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin is not a day's work. To maintain historical patience and strategic determination, success must not have my history in my spiritual realm and success. We must plan for the long-term and work in the present. A blueprint is drawn to the end, one by one. Let the Yellow River benefit the people.
Han said in his speech that it is necessary to deeply study and understand the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important speech, insist on joint efforts to protect and promote governance, and work together to create a new situation for ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin. It is necessary to comprehensively strengthen the ecological protection of the Yellow River Basin, adhere to the integrated protection of mountains and rivers, forests, grassland, and ecological space and coordinated environmental pollution control, and form an ecological security pattern with a solid "Chinese water tower" in the upstream and ecological livability in the middle and lower reaches. We must unswervingly follow the path of high-quality development, adapt to local conditions, and build a modern industrial system with regional characteristics to enhance the momentum and resilience of economic development. It is necessary to take the protection and improvement of people's livelihood as the starting point and end point, accelerate the improvement of the level of equalization of basic public services across the river basin, and allow the people of the Yellow River Basin to better share the fruits of reform and development. It is necessary to deepen the reform and innovation of the system and mechanism, explore a set of cooperation mechanisms in line with market laws and directions, and form a strong joint force to promote ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin.
Ding Xuexiang, Liu He, and He Lifeng attended the symposium. Responsible comrades from relevant departments of the central and state organs and comrades from relevant provinces and autonomous regions attended the symposium.