Equipment is getting better
In the early days of the establishment of the Northern Aviation Forest Guard Station Emergency Working Group, there were only two or three flight observers, no communication equipment, no fax equipment, and no ground support vehicles. However, they have overcome the difficulties of harsh environment and difficult working conditions, and completed one "impossible" task.
According to incomplete statistics, the emergency working group of the Northern Aviation Forest Guard Station has so far completed more than 100 liftings in the Daxingan Mountains, including the Cutu River in Daxingan Mountains, Zhan River in Heilongjiang Province, Bila River in Inner Mongolia, Diebu in Gansu, Funing, Hebei, Burjin, Xinjiang, and Qinyuan in Shanxi. The extinguishing work of mega forest fires has accumulated more than 230 days of work in the fire field and carried out more than 700 aerial reconnaissances.
It is important to grasp first-hand fire information in the firefighting decision-making command. Collecting fire information is one of the important duties of the emergency working group.
In 2006, at the Gala Mountain fire site in Nenjiang, Heilongjiang, the northeast line of the fire field was shrouded in thick smoke. Due to unknown circumstances, local fire fighters mistakenly believed that there was no fire support in front of the fire line. In the case of poor visibility, the flight observers of the emergency working group observed by plane and found a simple road not marked on the topographic map, confirmed that it could be used as a support for fire suppression, and reported this important situation in time.
This information provided the best location for the fire fighters on the ground and the best time to fight.
In forest fire fighting, aircraft are still scarce resources. Aircraft mobilization and use efficiency is one of the key factors affecting heavy and large forest fire fighting efforts. On-site dispatching and directing the fire field flight is the core task of the emergency working group. In June 2018, a lightning strike forest fire occurred in the Khanma National Nature Reserve in the Greater Xing'an Mountains, Inner Mongolia. The local terrain is complex, the vegetation is dense, and the road network density is extremely low. After the emergency working team arrived before the firefighting, in order to maximize the limited aircraft resources, the Air Force Changchun Command Post was coordinated on the spot to temporarily decentralize flight control to the relevant terminals involved in the fire field flight, effectively improving the flight plan review effectiveness.
Fight the fire and see the spirit
On the fire front, time is life. The emergency working group marched on the sidewalk of the forest area day and night. They chased time, provided effective fire information for the front finger, and provided scientific support for the frontline combat team.
In the Bila River fire field in Inner Mongolia, the emergency working group lived in a temporary tent built in the wild in cold weather with a temperature of minus 5 degrees Celsius, and completed the work task at a work intensity of more than 12 hours per day for 3 consecutive days. .
At the Diebu fire site in Gansu, the emergency working group worked hard to overcome the physical discomfort caused by the altitude sickness at an altitude of 4,000 meters near the altitude of the aircraft. With oxygen bags, it insisted on flying operations and worked for more than 12 hours a day for 9 consecutive days. Various tasks to go to the fire.
In each task, the hardest part is dealing with mental and psychological tests.
In May 2006, two aviation forest protection plane accidents occurred in China. These incidents caused great panic among the flight crew at the time. However, the fire fighting cannot be delayed. Regardless of their own safety, the flight observers of the emergency working group used iron discipline to consolidate iron will and fought on the front line of the fire.