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Intelligent rescue products represented by drones and robots have great prospects in the field of emergency rescue

Release Date: 2019-10-25 我要评论 618 people have seen it and I want to comment

Core tip: With the deep integration of new technologies such as information and communication technology, new materials, artificial intelligence, and big data with traditional industries, the emergency industry will usher in unprecedented opportunities in new technologies, new products, new formats and new models.

With the deep integration of new technologies such as information and communication technology, new materials, artificial intelligence and big data with traditional industries, the emergency industry will usher in unprecedented opportunities in new technologies, new products, new formats and new models. The development of intelligent rescue products, represented by drones and robots, is progressing smoothly and gradually emerges. The future is promising.
Significance of rescue drone development
With the maturity of drone technology and the further expansion of aerial photography technology, the application fields of civil drones for our country are becoming more and more extensive, including: photogrammetry, emergency response, public safety, resource exploration, environmental monitoring, natural disaster monitoring and evaluation, Urban planning and municipal management, forest fire pest prevention and monitoring, etc.
As early as the late 1990s, the United States began to use drones for disaster monitoring and rescue, but in China, drones have not been put into emergency applications such as earthquake disasters. Until the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, the research team of the Chinese Academy of Sciences first tried to apply remote sensing drones to aerial photography of the epicenter disaster, and then in the post-disaster emergency rescue such as Yushu Dima and Lushan earthquake, the remote sensing drones came into play as soon as possible. The more important the role. Many emergency rescue practices have proven that drones can quickly enter aerial photos of the disaster area after the earthquake, and now they can remotely command in real time and transmit clear images in real time; drones are low-cost, easy to manipulate, and respond quickly to earthquakes in large areas. Hazard surveys are more efficient; with drones, experts can concentrate on the rear and quickly assess earthquake damage, so they have unique advantages.
In addition to aerial disasters, current drone technology can also mount a variety of load modules and "transform" mobile communication base stations. It also has rescue potential for post-disaster transportation, delivery of materials, and speaking. Therefore, drones will be an indispensable or even irreplaceable aviation force in emergency rescue.
Significance of rescue robot development
In recent years, emergencies such as wars and terrorist attacks, natural disasters such as earthquakes and tsunamis, and potential nuclear, chemical, biological, and explosive materials have seriously threatened human life and property safety. As the number of disasters increases, their severity, diversity, and complexity also increase. 72h after the disaster is the golden rescue time, but affected by the unstructured environment at the disaster site, it is difficult for rescuers to work quickly, efficiently and safely, and the rescue mission gradually exceeds the scope of the rescuers. Therefore, rescue robots Has become an important development direction.
According to the summary, it is known that the rescue robot has the following 4 advantages: 1) strong mobility and handling ability, and can continuously work through battery replenishment, improving search and rescue efficiency; 2) can carry a variety of sensors to achieve the map inside the ruins Detection of sound, gas, temperature, etc., effectively lock the victim's position; 3) Fast travel speed; 4) Robot rescue can assist or replace rescuers, avoid the injuries caused by the second collapse, and reduce the risk of rescuers.
Modern emergency rescue is often combined with national science and technology. Foreign developed countries have a higher level of science and technology. Emergency rescue industries are playing faster. Currently, a relatively complete industrial chain has been formed. Only rescue mechanization has become its national development strategy. However, in China, the rescue intelligence started late, and the economic impact was less valued in the early stage, which led to slower development. With the implementation of the National 13th Five-Year Plan, China's disaster relief machine industry has received great attention. With the development of China ’s rescue drone support force, the establishment of a large database of drones, and the promulgation of related laws, China ’s aided drone industry will enter professional development and promote the development of rescue drone industry.