Zhang Huan introduced that the emergency management department has recently conducted talent surveys across the country. Generally speaking, there are few professional talents in the emergency and safety management field, unreasonable structure, difficulty in recruiting and recruiting, insufficient talent supply, and outstanding engineering contradictions. "From the perspective of enterprises and society, emergency safety needs more talents who understand both professional and practical skills, so we must strengthen emergency safety personnel training and vocational education." Zhang Huan said.
Zhang Jian introduced that in 2018, with the establishment of the Emergency Management Department, the emergency management system has gradually improved, and the new situation has led to a shortage of high-level personnel in emergency management and safety work.
To this end, the Ministry of Emergency Management, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, and the National Coal Mine Safety Supervision Bureau recently jointly issued the "Implementation Opinions on Action Plans for Improving Safety Skills in High-Risk Industries" (Emergency  No. 107) ) (Hereinafter referred to as "Opinions"), this is an important measure to implement the "Notice of the State Council General Office on Vocational Skills Promotion Action Plan (2019-2021)".
The Opinions emphasize that the goal of the safety skills improvement action is: from now until the end of 2021, the focus will be on implementing safety in high-risk industries such as chemical hazardous chemicals, coal mines, non-coal mines, metal smelting, and fireworks (hereinafter referred to as high-risk enterprises). The Skills Upgrading Action Plan promotes a substantial increase in the level of safety skills of employees.
To this end, it is necessary to select and cultivate more than 50 demonstration bases of safety skills training and special operations practice exams with radiation-leading roles; more than 50 demonstration vocational colleges (including technical colleges) for production safety training; More than 100 safe production-education integration enterprises.
At the same time, it is necessary to increase the recruitment of new employees from vocational schools, and gradually increase the recruitment ratio of employees in middle and high school levels and above; implement special training for team leader safety skills promotion, and promote vocational schools to set up safety management related specialties. "Cultural quality + professional skills" and other methods for high-risk class leader enrollment; school-enterprise joint research and training programs, flexible arrangements for learning according to corporate production characteristics, implementation of a task-oriented training model oriented to the real production environment; implementation of "education certificate + several occupations" "Skill level certificate system" pilot; education, human resources and social security departments should add safety production knowledge to the relevant professional teaching standards of vocational colleges as a compulsory content.
"The establishment of the National Emergency Safety Vocational Education Alliance can better organize vocational colleges and enterprises, and better study and explore the issue of talent training, which is of great significance to the planning and programs of talent training." Say.
Guo Chao, dean of the Hunan Vocational College of Safety and Technology, one of the sponsors of the alliance, described to reporters such a set of data: about 1/3 of the province ’s city and state emergency management professional talent gap is about 1/3, the city and county gap is about 45%, and the township gap About 70%. Less than 15% of Hunan Province's existing grass-roots emergency management departments have relevant professional backgrounds. Especially in the emerging areas of emergency management, such as disaster prevention technology, fire engineering technology, and emergency rescue technology, there is a serious imbalance in professional talents. "This emergency safety gap in Hunan is basically in line with the situation in the country." Guo Chao said.
"There is a large shortage of emergency management talents, but the number of emergency management majors, the number of institutions with emergency management majors, and the number of students studying emergency management majors are absolutely 'cold'." Guo Chao said. Currently, emergency management Talent training presents the "three minor phenomena":
The first is the lack of majors: The Ministry of Education's "Professional Directory of Higher Vocational Colleges" does not have a category of emergency management. From the three dimensions of emergency management disaster prevention and mitigation, emergency rescue, and safety in production, the only statistics that can be included in emergency management are Only 19;
The second is the small number of institutions with emergency management majors: including Hunan Vocational College of Safety Technology, Chongqing Vocational College of Safety Technology, Jiangsu Vocational College of Safety Technology, and Guangxi Vocational College of Safety Engineering Among them, emergency management majors have only 262 points in more than 1,300 higher vocational colleges across the country.
The third is the small number of students studying emergency management majors: in 2018 there were 24,622 students in emergency management majors nationwide, and the distribution of majors was extremely uneven. With the exception of the "safety technology and management major", the number of students in the two majors of fire command and marine rescue technology is zero; the total number of students in the two major categories of disaster prevention and mitigation and emergency rescue is also very small.
Guo Chao suggested that in the future, starting from the wide-area and practical characteristics of emergency safety and the development of development, composite, and innovative technical and technical personnel, the distinction should be made from the service areas of technical and technical personnel, from production safety, construction safety, Public safety, safety equipment, disaster prevention and mitigation, and other five-dimensional systems build a professional system for emergency safety.
On the same day, the National Emergency Safety Vocational Education Alliance consisted of six safety institutes, including Hunan Vocational College of Safety Technology, Chongqing Vocational College of Safety Technology, Jiangsu Vocational College of Safety Technology, Guangxi Vocational College of Safety Engineering, Lanzhou Vocational College of Resources and Environment, and Liaoyuan Vocational Technical College. Schools co-sponsored, 68 units including emergency safety-related undergraduate colleges, vocational colleges, societies, associations, rescue teams, and industry companies joined the alliance.
Participants expected that after the establishment of the alliance, a communication platform between vocational colleges and emergency safety institutions, industry enterprises, and scientific research institutes will be established to provide strong technical personnel guarantee for emergency safety. "Looking forward to jointly promote the emergency safety cause and the training of emergency safety personnel through the establishment of a 'political, executive, school, and corporate' communication platform," said Guo Chao, newly elected chairman of the alliance.